Australian Islamist Monitor

Islam Under Scrutiny

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Islam’s European slave trade timeline for Muslim Turks (Seljuk, Ottoman): Part H in Islam’s genocidal slavery.

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This is a timeline (with comments), of Muslim Turkish conquests in Asia Minor, the Balkans and associated areas, and the resistance of the local people from the 11th to the 21st century with particular emphasis on the 14th to 16th century (note Constantinople 1453) and the 19th (early 20th). (particularly the Bulgarian and Armenian massacres in 1876, 1894-96, 1915)   I hope the time line helps gain a feel for the incessant, relentless attacks over centuries, the sadism, enslavement, subjugation, repression, famine, poverty, destruction and cultural regression brought by these Muslims in the name of allah, on the ordinary people.  And I hope it shows that from the beginning people fought back—although farmers find it hard to fight religiously driven armed fighters hell bent on enforcing Islam and claiming women, children, property and goods as their promised booty, a ‘mercy’ from allah. Eg Ishaq p 326-327-booty is lawful and a mercy from allah so enjoy..., Koran 8.29 enjoy your war booty as lawful and good.., Koran 33.26-27...he caused you to inherit their land, houses, wealth, and land you haven’t trodden..

The Ottomans (Osmanlis) and those that joined them were fanatical Muslims engaged in a religious war to make all Islamic or at least subjugated under and serving, Muslims.  The filthy, loathsome ‘kafir’ deserved to have everything taken and be enslaved as punishment for failing to believe in allah (see parts A, B  for text and laws)

I hope the Eastern Europeans remember their history and fight the current Islamic invasion, lest they again be slaves and subjugated people under the monstrous repression of Islam in their own lands. It is a testament to the strength of these people that they exist today, free of Muslim Turks (though some remain trapped in Islam!). 

Yes there were other problems eg the Reformation and battles between Catholic and Protestant (these were NOT based on religious text as Islam’s attacks on others are), the greed of traders or vassals of Islam, the Christian mercenaries and the Janissaries (Christian boys converted to Islam and trained to kill for allah), the expansionist aims of others –and these were exploited by the Ottomans.  However, Islamic violence is religiously endorsed to destroy or subjugate and is supported by unchanging laws and text.  The same fanatical Islamic frenzy to kill and conquer for allah can be seen today and is publically expressed.  It cannot change.

Thanks to past and present political expediency, current abuse of Christianity etc the truth of the conditions of the conquered and enslaved isn’t told (eg Bernard Lewis does a whitewash!).  The Encyclopaedia Britannica is laughable---it states that some converted to reach a ‘full status’ but fails to mention the vile status of others—dhimmitude, mass enslavement, forced conversion, mass movement of populations, devastation, depopulation, ruination, famine, poverty, exploitation, sadism...never heard of it! 

Seljuk Turks, then Ottomans attack Asia Minor:
Remember, before the Turks took over, Asia Minor was ravaged by Arab Muslims who slaughtered, enslaved, raped, pillaged and destroyed.(Sookhdeo p 253-254).  Thessalonika in Greece was attacked in 904 (see part F). To Muslims these are ‘brilliant victories’ but even the Muslim chroniclers revealed the devastation, enslavement and depopulation (Angelov p 468)

The Turks were ‘slaves’ for the Arabs or ‘converts’ and became at least as evil —(they were the Janissaries on a larger scale).  They were the jihad fighters on the edges of Islamic expansion.

11th century:  
The final devastation begins in Asia Minor.  The Hellenic population, once vigorous, was restricted to a few limited areas by the 14th century.

The armies of several Armenian states were crushed. 40,000 fled attacks in western Asia Minor.
Mid 11th century-Sultan Tughril-Beg (1038-1063) founded the Seljuk dynasty.  The Seljuks spread through the whole Asia Minor peninsula causing terror, and destruction.

16000 were enslaved at Edessa.  Thousands of Greeks were enslaved from the provinces of western Asia minor (100,000?) and sent as far as slave markets in Persia.(Bostom p 90)

12th century:
1185:- and on—raids into Cappadocia, Armenia, Mesopotamia enslaved 26,000 people.(Bostom p 90)
Asia Minor was a source of slaves for the Islamic world through the 14th century.

13th century –Turkish tribes began a serious invasion of the Byzantine territories in Asia Minor, taking advantage of political fragmentation and hesitation. 
1262-1264: Turks invaded Caria and Paphlagonia (large area North of Ankara), a large part of the population was enslaved and vast regions seized.
The people of Trales were massacred and enslaved (20,000) after daring to defend themselves. (Angelov p 466)

Occupied areas included Phrygia, Antioch, Smyrna, and cities eg Magnesia, Priene, Ephesus, and areas of Lydia. TheTurks overran defenceless villagers “with unheard of ferocity” , massacring a large part of the population and enslaving   (like Mohammad)  and after settling and plundering the abandoned areas they headed to Mysia (Angelov p 466) and Aeolia to the sea of  Marmara.

Contemporary Byzantine historian Pachymeres notes that almost the entire population of Asia Minor, panic-stricken, fled to Europe or nearby islands in the Aegean Sea or Sea of Marmara increasing the poverty and lack of provisions. He describes the immense ruination of towns and the complete destruction of cultivated land (Angelov p465-466).

The Turks occupied and devastated Lydia and Mysia and continued to Bythinia, massacring peasants and enslaving.  The roads were strewn with people fleeing to walled Nicromedia, filled with refugees, besieged and suffering famine and sickness.  (Angelov p 467).  The emirate that occupied Bythinia and the area around Olympus, was created by Ertoghroul, his son Osman (1288-1326) and grandson Orkhan (1326-1359) –these were the Ottomans (Osmanlis) who took control of all other emirates in Asia Minor in the 14th century and spread.

1262-1282:  Local populations were exterminated, enslaved or fled and areas fell into ruin and decay.   Fertile areas eg valley of the Maeander River, became unproductive wasteland, or wildernesses eg the district of Sangarius (Angelov p 465). 

1293:   Mongols (arrived about 1250) defeated the Seljuk army but small, independent Turkish states survived.  This helped the rise of the Ottomans who declared independence from the Seljuks around 1300.  Ottomans are ‘ghazis’-fighters for Islam, attracting others to the cause, and the promise of booty helped.
 
14th century:
1302-1310:   Asia Minor was conquered except for a few coastal  and inland cities. 
1324:  Bursa was taken.
1326-1337:   The violence redoubled as the Ottomans attacked the last 3 fortified towns of Bythinia -– Brousse (Burgas in Bulgaria); taken 1326,  Nicea in 1331, Nicomedia in 1337,  plus  Scutari 1338.  Pillage, massacres, forced conversion to Islam and demands for tribute occurred. (Angelov p 464, 467, Encyclpaedia Britannica V 13 p 771 ).  Byzantium retained Philadelphia, a fortified town that fell in 1391. 

1338:  A letter to the people of Nicaea notes the forced conversion and enslavement (Bostom p 68), others note the destruction.

“between Nicaea and Nicromedia, opposite Constantinople, once clustered with castles, cities, and villages was depopulated’  (Vacalopoulos quoted in Bostom p 62).

Arab traveller Ibn  Batouta in 1333, notes-- the ruination in Pergamus, Nicea, and the port of Smyrna and elsewhere where towns were completely destroyed or couldn’t return to normal;  the disappearance of the Greek population and its replacement by Turks;  the ruination of churches or their conversion to mosques (eg beautiful church of Ephesus) and slaves used for all types of service and sex.  He also notes the fragmentation of the land under many ‘emirs’ all with their own armies plus Turkmenian  nomads.  Clearly people were oppressed, their lives shattered and the economy and productivity devastated. (Yet falsely some claim the Turks brought ‘economic prosperity and unity....or are they just referring to the Turks who ‘united’ to devastate the country and exploit its land and people?)(Angelov p 468-469). 

A new cruel system of feudal exploitation arose leading to Turkish states with the primary purpose of thoroughly exploiting and keeping under submission, the masses of subjugated Christians. (Angelov p 469).

Eventually the Ottoman/Osmanli Turks subjugated and incorporated the other emirates.  As noted in part G, rulers and associates became owners of vast tracts of land, slaves etc and a system of military fiefs was put in place encouraging further conquests.  Any remaining population was subjugated and exploited to produce the wealth and services for their Muslim owners/rulers.  Mass forced movements of people –slaves were transported throughout the Islamic world- and colonization by Muslims caused massive social, political and economic destruction.  People also fled the violent conquerors.  The same practices continued as the Muslim Turks spread (Angelov p 470-471, 496). 

“The barbarians occupied the localities along the coast of Bythinia without encountering resistance, and they imposed their taxes on the other smaller places.   It was because of them (the taxes) that they did not massacre the entire population which they could have done so very easily and very quickly”  (quote from Nicephorus Gregoras, Byzantine historian  in Angelov p 472)

15th century:
1432:  Antioch, a once great city in Asia Minor was described as “a graphic illustration of the kind of havoc wrought by the Turkish invaders” as it now had only a few hundred dwellings filled with Turks and Arabs subsistence ‘farming.’ “Other cities in the southeastern part of  Asia Minor fell into similar decay”( Vacalopoulos cited in Bostom p 62)

The invasion of the Balkan peninsula by the Ottoman’s (Osmanlis), the conquest of Bulgaria,  Byzantium, Serbia, Bosnia,  Albania.. was on an even larger scale than Asia minor.  Asia Minor was a starting point for invasions, setting up garrisons.   Muslim garrisons formed points for colonisation by Muslims though this declined in the 15th century. Overall, the Muslim element was NOT predominant in the Balkans in either the 14th or 15th century as Christians remained the bulk of the population but Muslims viciously ruled.  Those who travelled through the area noted the destruction and the longing of the non-Muslims to free themselves from the ‘dominion’ of the Muslim Turks.  Likewise in the 16th century.  ( Angelov p 497-503).  )

14th century. Invasions of Byzantium, Balkans etc from Muslim Turks settled in Asia Minor (plus some battles with Turk challengers in Asia Minor).

A contemporary of the times, Nicephorus Gregoras, notes the economic destruction caused by the Turkish invasions..

“The interests of Byzantium are at their worst, and Thrace has become for us an uncivilised and almost unpassable land.  Hardly any villages there have retained remnants of their Byzantine population.  Having neither outlying districts nor city gates, they are located at great distances from one another in depopulated regions, resembling the isolated stalks of grain that stand in a vast, rich field after the harvest.....The unfortunate inhabitants of Thrace are left without beasts of burden, without any flocks, without a single ox that could enable them to work their fields and guarantee them a daily pittance.  That is why the lands lie fallow, entirely depopulated and, in a word rendered completely uncivilised.” ....”the Turks conducted frequent incursions from Asia......especially during harvest season, seizing livestock,  carrying off women and children into slavery, and causing such evils that these regions afterwards remained depopulated and uncultivated.  That was one of the reasons for the famine that the Byzantines had to endure.”  (Angelov p 480)  Llikewise Macedonia and Bulgaria!


1308-1311:  Turkish troops help devastate the southern regions of Thrace.
1326:   Frequent raids from then on attacking southern Thrace (ie today’s western or European ‘Turkey’, bits of Bulgaria and Greece), and southern Macedonia, and the coast of central Greece.(Bostom p 63)
1337:   Turkish troops invaded Epirus (now NW Greece/S Albania) and Albania. (The Turks gained entry by claiming to be allies of Andronicus III Paleologus).
Within 15 years, Muslim Turks occupied a large number of towns in western Bulgaria and Macedonia (Bostom  p 63)
1341:   Turks came regularly to Thrace to plunder the population and take booty –though supposedly allies of John Kantakuzenos in a civil war with John V Paleologus Apokaukos.  A civil war aided the Turks (Angelov p 473).

Somewhere between 1340—and 1355 the Bulgarians commanded by Michael, son of Ivan Alexander battled the Muslim Turks...but lost with the Turks taking a great number of prisoners to Gallipoli (Angelov p 487)
1352:   Byzantine weakness allowed Ottoman Orkhan to put his son Suleyman into a fort on the Gallipoli peninsula. By the mid 14th century they held this area on the 'European continent' (at that time it was Greek/Byzantine) and couldn’t be pushed back to Asia Minor.
1360:   First Suleyman, then sultan Mourad 1 (1359-1389) ordered the Ottomans to attack for conquest—bringing widespread destruction and ruin throughout  Byzantine and Bulgarian Thrace (Angelov p 473)..

A Turkish chronicler writes they raged on “by blood and fire”  mercilessly crushing all resistance (Angelov p 476)
.
1351-1371:  The Turks occupied places in Byzantium and Bulgarian Thrace enslaving the populations eg Demotika, Andrinopolis, Khypsala, Malagra, Kechan, Tchorlou, Plovdiv (Philippopolis), Stara-zagora (Beroe), Aytos, Yambol, Karnobat, Kirk-Klisse.  Mass enslavements are also reported for the regions of Samokov  (Bulgaria) and Ichtiman.
Information from the Turks, Byzantines, Bulgarians, and Serbs is incomplete but documents reveal the enslavement and subjugation of the population. (Angelov p 486) .

1355:  The Serbian king dies, leaving divided and weak successors so the Ottomans attack. 
The first Serbian successors and King Louis the Great of Hungary and Tsar Shishman of Bulgaria join in the first European crusade against the Ottomans. (Enc.  Brit V 13 p772)

1361:   The Ottomans took Adrianople(Edirne) (Thrace) becoming an Ottoman capital to control Thrace—and in 1363, controlled the invasion road  through the Balkan mountains. (Enc.  Brit V 13 p772)
1363:  Ottomans take Philippopolis.  Disrupted Constantinople’s grain. (Enc. Brit. V 13 p 772)

1366:   In a discourse on the colonization of Thrace by Muslims, contemporary Demetrius Kydones, bitterly recalls that  “the Turks now live in Thrace with greater security than the Byzantines”  and that this area had already been transformed into a Turkish domain.   Tartars were also deliberately settled. (Angelov p 497) There were Muslim ‘enclaves’ in the Balkans eg in Thrace, Macedonia, Thessaly, parts of Albania, parts of northern Bulgaria (these are just like today’s Islamic enclaves in our own countries.)

“The Turks have ruined our cities, pillaged our sanctuaries and filled it all with blood and corpses”(contemporary Byzantine diplomat 1366  in Angelov p 476)

1370: on...., The Muslim Turks launched invasions of Bosnia, Serbia, Dalmatia, Albania, Thessaly, Montenegro, central and southern Greece (Peloponnesus).  These areas along with the republic of Venice, were heavily involved in trade and commerce which was disrupted.  Documents note the destruction of trade, the plunder by the Muslim Turks, the distress of the population and efforts to organise an armed resistance. (Angleov p 482, Bostom p 63)

1371:  Turks advanced west—into Bulgaria, Macedonia eg Samokov, Kustendil, Sofia, Bitolia, Prilep, Nis, Melnik,Debar, Skopie, Kostour, Vereya, Radovish, Devol, Veles, Vodena...Also invasions occurred in the Peloponnesus, central Greece, Epirus (NW Greece/southern Albania), Thessaly, Albania, Montenegro, Serbia, along the Adriatic coast and Bosnia with massive enslavement.   Most slaves went to Asia Minor and slave trading centres eg Candia (Iraklion, Crete). (Angelov p 487) 

A monk Issaye of Mt Athos (Greece) wrote in 1371 –

“The Ishmaelites scattered and flew throughout the earth like birds in the air.  They massacred one part of the Christians with the sword, and led off others into slavery; the rest were carried off by a premature death.  Those who had been preserved from death were decimated by famine because all over those lands raged a famine...............the land is left devoid of goods, men, livestock, and other produce.....And then the living truly envied the dead. .....even Livanius, the wisest of the Hellenic authors, could not describe the evils that overwhelmed the Christians of the western lands.”(Angelov p 480)

Turkish historians describe what happened- eg in 1371 Muslim Turks invaded Bulgaria and Macedonia then Serbia.  In every place where the inhabitants defended themselves and refused to surrender, the invaders pillaged and burned down their dwellings, while the city walls behind which the defenders fought were literally demolished eg Niche destroyed 1386, likewise the city of Pirote...(Angelov p 476)

Byzantine Emperor John V tried to mobilize European assistance by uniting the churches of Constantinople and Rome....but without concrete help from the west, they were defeated at Chirmen, on the Marista in 1371(Enc. Brit. V 13 p 772). 
Following the defeat of the Serbs and allies in Cirmen (Cernomen), Serbia, Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire became vassal states forced to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire and they were forced to assist the Ottoman’s.  (Vacalopoulos in Bostom p 63).  Vassal states later came under direct Ottoman control.

Tragically due to social and political problems, the European/ Balkan people failed to unite sufficiently against their common enemy ---the Muslim Turks—though many tried!  (likewise today with the hatred of America, Israel emanating from Europe...and China!)

1375-1385:   Turkish campaigns in Bosnia, Albania, Herzegovina, Epirus took many slaves while their leader got a fifth of the booty (following Islamic practice decreed by allah). (Angelov p 488)
1388:   Ottoman Turks took most of northeast Bulgaria.   Slaves were led off in droves according to Turkish writers eg Nesri (Angelov p 488, Bostom p 63)

1389:  Turks battled the Balkan allies in Kosovo (first battle for Kosovo), Serbia (slaves taken) – Ottoman ruler Murad was killed though the allies lost.  His son Bayezid I was compelled to restore the defeated vassals and return to Anatolia to face a challenge by a competing Turkish group (Enc. Brit. V13 p 772)!
Campaigns continued into Hungary, Bosnia, central Greece, Peloponnesus...   Serbia came under Ottoman control (Angelov p 488, Bostom p 63)
1389:   Devastating campaigns by Bajazet/Bayezid I (1389-1402) in Bosnia, Hungary, Walachia (Rumania) and central Greece, and Peloponnesian Peninsula.  Many slaves were taken.   Constantinople was besieged. (Angelov p 488, Bostom p 63)
1391:  Constantinople (Thrace) was attacked and slaves seized. (Angelov p 488)
1390-93:  Ottoman attacks on Turkman principalities in Anatolia was halted to return to Europe where Balkan vassal states, encouraged by Hungary and Byzantium, revolted.
1393:  The kingdom of Tirnovo (Bulgaria) was taken by the Ottomans. 
1396:   The kingdom of Vidina (Bulgaria) was taken..  Slaves were taken and the most reputed families in the Bulgarian capital were led off to slavery in Asia Minor (Angelov p 488). 
Bulgaria was put under direct Ottoman control.(Enc. Brit. V13 p 773)

Hungary organised a major European crusade against the Ottomans (Enc. Brit. V13 p 773).
The Christians lost the battle of Nicopol (1396-Nikopol, Bulgaria).   Most of the Christian force was composed mainly of French knights, and the sultan Bayezid ordered that the 3000 that surrendered be beheaded. (Sookhdeo p 158)  Prisoners (slaves) under 20 years old were taken to Gallipoli and then into Asia Minor.  
The Ottoman Turks then captured Mitrovica and Petau taking 16,000 slaves –some were sent to Bayezid’s vast estates in the Balkans, others went to Asia Minor (Angelov p 488)  Towns eg Zemlin, Petau were completely destroyed.

Turkish armies horribly ravaged  places in Serbia and Hungary.(Angelov p 476)  Economic distress struck the territories between the Stara Planina (northern Bulgaria) and the Danube basin (Mesia) following the Turkish invasion and continued for decades after the Ottoman feudal lords took control (Angelov p 480)

Europe was terrorised...but the Abbasid caliph of Cairo bestowed on Bayezid the title of ‘sultan’ as he was so admired in the Islamic world! (Enc. Brit. V 13 p 773).

1397:  Belgade was ravaged.   In the Peloponnesus, Argos was razed and its inhabitants enslaved –some 30,000. (Angelov p 477, 488)
1397/98:   Merchants eg from Ragusa (Dubrovnik) and elsewhere continue to complain of  attacks, arrests and the stealing of livestock and goods by Muslim Turks, despite so-called ‘agreements.’ (Angelov p 483)
A document dated 1398 states that the inhabitants of Durazzo (Drac)(Albania) had reached a state of extreme poverty following the invasions. The senate of Venice sent provisions! (Angelov p 483)

Ottoman Bayezid conquered the other  Turks in Asia Minor (1397) but ran up against the powerful Muslim tartar Timurlane who defeated and captured him in the Battle of Ankara 1402---he died a year later but Timurlane restored the Turkman prices and left Anatolia and the Ottoman ‘s European conquests were untouched.
This was a missed opportunity for Europe to rid itself of the Turks as the sons killed each other for control 1402-1413!(Enc. Brit. V 13 p 773). 

A few marriages of sultans to Christian ‘princesses’ (14th century—‘alliances’ that gave the Turks excuses to enter areas for conquest) brought some Christians into the Ottoman court but their presence was strongly resented by Muslim religious groups and Turkish notables who blamed Bayezid’s ‘abandonment’ of Ghazi (fighting for Islam) on them so he lost support.  Muslim and Turkish influences then dominated (Enc. Brit. V13 p 775, 776)
.
15th century
1402:   Documents note that the Turkish invasions caused such havoc in the Albania territories that peasants couldn’t cultivate the land unless they were in the immediate vicinity of cities and fortresses.  Attacks by Muslim Turks had reduced the inhabitants  of Antivari to extreme destitution (Angelov p 483).
1403-1406:  Plunder and arson also reduced the populations of Drivasto and Skutari (a former capital of Albania) to destitution –still very evident in 1428! (Angelov p 483)
1403:  The senate of Venice granted financial assistance to the governor of the fortress of Modon (Peloponnesus) following the destruction wrought by the Muslim Turks. (Angelov p 484).
1407:  An envoy from Coron (Peloponnesus) told the senate of Venice that thanks to Turkish banditry, people abandoned their farms (now covered in undergrowth) and farm workers weren’t available even for payment in gold. (Angelov p 484).

1402-1413:   The Ottoman  campaigns slowed following the invasion of Asia Minor  by the Mongols (eg Timurlane) with Bajazet’s (Bayezid) armies defeated near Ankara in 1402.  A ‘false’ peace followed where brothers fought and killed for control and the winner had to reassert authority eg in the reign of sultan Mohomet/Mehmed (Mohammad) I (1413-1421).  Following this, Islamic violence, plunder and slavery returned with a vengeance.

1413:  Serbia Stefan was defeated  and towns eg Krouchevatz, Petrus, Stalatch, Koprian, and more were destroyed, massacring ‘a multitude of Christians.” (Angelov p 477)
In Thrace an entire village and its inhabitants were torched (Angelov p 477)

1414:  In Durazzo (Durres –Albanian coast) the Turks closed off access to merchandise.  A letter mentions the fears that the population would scatter.   Another letter of 1437 speaks of the depopulation of the city as an accomplished fact!  In 1439 a letter notes the inhabitants couldn’t exploit their salt pits, their main source of income, because of a Turkish blockade (Angelov p 483-4).

1415:   Bulgarian Bedridin Simavi (1415) aided by the local Christian populations fought against the Turks, most of whom were in garrisons.(Angelov p 503) 
1417:   Ottoman Mohamet/Mehmed I (1413-1421) obtained slaves in great number from attacks on Venice and Euboea (Greece) (Angelov p 490)

1421:  Ottoman invasions continue—Peloponnesus, Albany Serbia, Hungarythe population put up fierce resistance.   Attacks by the Turks intensified---
1422-23:  Balkan resistance was suppressed.  Constantinople was under siege until it paid a huge tribute.   Ottoman rule in Anatolia (Enc. Brit. V13 p 773).
1423-30:  Turks attacked Venice (Khan p 157).  Ottoman-Venetian war (Venice owned Salonika, preventing Ottoman expansion across Macedonia to the Adriatic)
Ottoman-Hungarian conflict.  Hungarian control of Walachia.(Romania).
1424:  Depopulation ( massacres, slavery, fled), ruination, poverty and famine had resulted from endless attacks (1397..) on Coron and Modon (Peloponnesus) (Angelov p 484).

1430:  Ottoman blockade of Salonica-finally taking it and raids on Venetian Ports in the Adriatic and Aegean Seas.(enc. Brit. V 13 p 773)
Thessalonika/Salonika (Greece):  an eyewitness and other reports of the mass  enslavement (7,000 people) of the population of Salonika (Thessalonika-Greece ) and the slaying of 6,000 following an attack by  Ottoman Mourad II .  The sultan ordered the city be sacked.  The people were chained, exhausted and panic-stricken.  Crosses, churches and monasteries were destroyed.  The city was depopulated, partially destroyed and resettled by Turks making it Islamic.  Indeed the conversion of idolators to Islam by the sword was praised by Mourad II.  ( Angelov p 490, Bostom p 91,  Bostom p 612-616).

1432:   Peace with Venice if it didn’t hinder the Muslim advance in the Adriatic while the Venetians were allowed to carry out commerce (enc. Brit. V13 p 773).
Janissaries and Dervsirme system –

1437-38:  Ottoman campaigns against Hungary (following the death of the Hungarian king Sigismund in 1437)  including Belgrade brought a mass of slaves, exceeding the number of combatants, greatly reducing their price! 60,000-70,000 were enslaved in two expeditions into Transylvannia/Serbia with 300,000-600,000 Hungarian captives (Bostom p 91).  Serbia was reoccupied (not Belgrade).  Vassals were replaced with direct Ottoman rule (Enc. Brit. V13 p 773-774) from then on.

 Hungarian control of Belgrade blocked large-scale Ottoman advances north of the Danube and despite attacks on it and Transylvannia, the Hungarians didn’t move—largely thanks to Janos (John) Hunyadi, who also  led the Walachian (Romanian) border resistance to the Ottoman ghazis (fighters for Islam) in 1440-42 and was defeated in the Battle of Zlatica (Izladi)(today’s Bulgaria) in 1443.  However the Ottomans were weakened (see 1444)

1439:  A counsellor of the Duke of Burgandy in commenting on the possibility of a crusade against the Turks planned by Jean Toricello noted that the walls of all the great cities of Greece are destroyed with the exception of those belonging to Demothika and Constantinople. (Angelov p 478).
1440:   Slaves were taken from Albania.  Albanians were driven from the land and Turkish colonists settled there --this was repeated until Albania was completely conquered .

1443-1444:  However, in 1444, in the Peace of Andrianople, Ottoman Murad returned autonomy to Serbia; Hungary kept Walachia (Romania) and Belgrade and the Ottoman’s promised to end their raids north of the Danube. (Enc. Brit. V13 p 774).  Remember, Muslims only make a temporary 'peace' when they cannot win so they can 'rebuild'.

 

Polish historian Jan Dlugosz describing the campaign led by Vladislav IV Jagiellon, to push the Ottomans out of Europe, noted that when these ‘crusaders’ reached northern Bulgaria they saw a number of superb and remarkable edifices built by Roman emperors and military leaders, as well as marble monuments-arches and columns – bearing inscriptions in Latin and Greek.
All of these monuments were to a great extent destroyed by the Turks.”  (note the artworks had been damaged by previous invasions by slavs and others—but the Turks destroyed monuments of great architectural value from the Roman and Byzantine civilisations.  [To Muslims these are from a time of ignorance and must be removed.  It's amazing any Greek/Roman ruins survive in Turkey to earn tourist dollars....though there are few churches given the centuries of Christianity!]). Vladislav IV (Polish/Hungarian king) was unsuccessful owing to the reluctance of the Venetians who feared losing trade if the Ottoman’s won, plus Serbian indecision. The stranded crusaders were defeated at Varna.  (Angelov p 474, 479; Enc. Brit. V13 p 774).

1446:  Peloponnesus invaded, destroying many places and taking many prisoners under Ottoman sultan Mourad II.  Historians report 60,000 prisoners were taken!

1448:  The second battle of Kosovo (first 1389).  The Albanians resisted thanks to Skanderberg (George Kastrioti) beaten in the second battle of Kosovo 1448(Enc. Brit. V13 p 774).  The armies of Transylvanian voyevod, John Hunyadi were defeated on the plain of Kosovo. (Angelov p 474) .  A path was cleared for the Turks to conquer Serbia and other Balkan states.

 (but our dopey as always Americans/Europeans happily hand Kosovo to the Muslims in the 21st century---it’s already a centre for jihad, drugs, weapons and people smuggling in the middle of an area with centuries of history fighting Islamic conquest...and don’t forget the Albanian/Bosnian/Kosovar Muslims joining the German SS troops and committing monstrous atrocities on Serbs, Jews, Roma.  Bosnia, Albania, Kosovo are an ongoing danger to others today --but why bother with history! –see part G and Gorin 2007 for links with terrorism, also Ye’or  in Islam and dhimmitude p 201)

1453:   Constantinople:  Under Mahomet II , Constantinople was violently taken.  Chronicles and eyewitness reports claim 50,000 -60,000 inhabitants were enslaved and bound with chains.  Many were massacred.  The surrounding villages were depopulated or deserted.

Ottoman Muslim sources note that sultan Mehmed  to:

 “arouse greater zeal in the way of god issued an order (that the city was to be) plundered. And from all directions they (gazis-fighters for Islam) came forcefully and violently (to join) the army. They entered the city, they passed the infidels over the sword (slew them) and ...they pillaged and looted, they took captive the youths and maidens, and they took their goods and valuables whatever there was of them.....(Sookhdeo p 25, Bostom p 616)

The emperor was beheaded, the common people slaughtered or enslaved with metal rings put on their necks.  At the great St Sophia, they slaughtered and enslaved and smashed and stole the religious icons.   (Sookhdeo p 254)

Letters from Sultan Mehmed to the sultan of Egypt, the sheriff of Mecca and Shah mirza of Iran, BRAG of the slaughters, pillage, enslavement of females and youths, taking all the treasures, destroying churches and houses, smashing crosses, removing all Christian impurity, children were plundered, ...(see quotes in Sookhdeo p 254).

Christian sources also describe the absolute horror with the sick and elderly slewn in their beds and newborn infants thrown into the streets...others executed or enslaved—and beautiful daughters and shapely youths were selected and kept....leaving the city deserted, naked, mute....(Sookhdeo p 255, Bostom p 617-618)

The Janissaries seized a large number of women and children belonging to the leading families.  The plunder continued for 3 days then the booty was divided with sultan Mohomet II taking a fifth  plus his selection of lovely boys and girls.
Jewels, valuables of every sort, gold, silver, copper, lead, garments, books...(Angelov p 492)

After relentless attacks by Muslim Arabs, then Muslim Turks, Constantinople, centre of Christian learning and Greek scholars fell.  Many scholars fled to Europe bringing their knowledge with them-contributing to the Renaissance.   Prior to the Muslim attacks knowledge had flowed between western and eastern Christendom and others via commerce, travel, books and letters.  The conquest of the Greek speaking world by Muslims stunted scientific development around the Mediterranean (Durie p 217). 

 BUT in the absence of a populace consisting of farmers and artisans, the ruined capital could not be rebuilt or supplied with food!   To make the city the ‘capital of the conquerors’ Mohamet ordered that Christians and Jews (DHIMMIS) be settled there and 5000 families from the Balkans and Asia Minor were ordered to move to Constantinople!  They were liable to CAPITAL punishment for noncompliance.  The newly elected ‘patriach’ was given certain ‘rights’ in order to attract Christians.  The capital was also settled by Turks.  Serbian prisoners were brought to Constantinople in 1455.  More colonists (Serbs, Hungarians, Bulgarians) were brought in 1456, 57 by the sultan’s orders as the surrounding fertile land had to be farmed.  In 1458, 4000 prisoners from the Peloponnesus were forcibly settled there.   In 1460 the sultan demanded all who had fled the city before or after its fall were obliged to return –some were given land or houses.  ‘Enslaved’ families were brought in from Asia Minor, Athens and Bosnia (after 1463/4 campaign),  Lesbos, Peloponnesus (eg all the inhabitants of destroyed Argos) (Angelov p504-506)  This was NOT an act of kindness but a horrifying practice where other areas are attacked, devastated and destroyed, the people snatched from all they knew (their land, wider families, culture, history) and forcibly brought to Constantinople to live as DHIMMIS with all the abuse and limitations and threat to life that entails!  Their ‘patriachs’ had to suit the Turks and worked as their agents, keeping populations under control and collecting taxes. (see articles on dhimmitude this site or books by Bat Ye’or, Andrew Bostom, Mark Durie)

This was an attempt to destroy the Christian population and make them an obedient mass –it is an act of sadism and cruel power.

1453/54:   The Ottomans launched campaigns against Serbia, Bosnia, the Peloponnesus, Albania, Hungary, Walachia (Rumania), the islands of the Aegean sea and Trebizond.   An enormous number of slaves were taken by the Ottomans and janissaries.
1455-1456:   Serbia:  Belgrade, Novo-Bardo largely destroyed, many slaves taken eg almost ALL the inhabitants of Novo- Bardo.  8,000 inhabitants near Smederevo (Serbia) were also enslaved (Angelov p 492, Bostom p 64).
In the spring, 150 beautiful children were taken from Enos (Aegean Island) for the sultan (Angelov p 493).
1458:  Balkan Peninsula heavily invaded under Mahomet II.  Corinth (Pepelonnesus) was taken and around it and everywhere the invader reached, the vineyards and gardens were torched.  Vast Destruction is recoded by chroniclers. (Angelov p 477, 484)
A summer campaign in the Peloponnesus, netted 4000 slaves. Further attacks netted another 30,000.  In Salmenik the entire population of 6000 were enslaved with 900 children going to the Janissaries.  In Greven only one third were enslaved  (Angelov p 493)
1459:  Turks controlled Serbia.      Muslim Turks invaded Albania-the harvest and fortified towns that were captured were utterly destroyed. (Angelov p 477, Bostom p 64).
1460: Peloponnesus attacked again.Gardiki, Kastrisi were attacked with 6000 massacred (Sookhdeo p 267)  Other places were ruined.  Serbia and the Peloponnesus were vanquished (Angelov p 477, Bostom p 63, 64).  70,000 enslaved in Moree (Bostom p 91). 
 Some areas eg the Peloponnesus were attacked for over a century before collapsing (1460)

1462-63:  Turk conquest of Bosnia completed.  The capital Yaytze and other towns were ruined.  The empire of Trebizond was taken.  Most inhabitants of Bobovik and Mytilene (on the Island of Lesbos had  10,000 taken in 1462) were enslaved with the sultan taking the lovely boys and girls. (Angelov p 493, Bostom p 63, p 91).
Peloponnesus attacked again.     The area,

 ‘formerly wealthy and powerful , where agriculture and husbandry, the trades and commerce had been prospering , was reduced to ruins, and its population fell into the most horrible destitution.’ (Angelov p 484/5)

Islands in the Aegean (Euboea, Lesbos, Samothrace, Imbos etc) were attacked.  Other Islands eg Rhodes, Cos, Enos were attacked..(.date uncertain ..) and masses enslaved (Bostom p 91)

 

1464:  Turks attacked the Peloponnesus again, battling the Venetians (Second Venetian-Ottoman War 1463-79) and levelling the city of Argos (population deported to Constantinople.) (Angelov p 477).  Venice lost bases in Albania and Morea and paid tribute (Enc. Brit V13 P 774)

1466:  The long fighting Albanians withdrew to less accessible regions and continued to fight but the Turks devastated the country, taking 20,000 slaves in one campaign.  As a form of tribute, many children were taken out of the country! (Angelov p 493). 
Attacks on the Hungarians yielded many slaves eg 10,000 in one campaign alone (Angelov p 493).
1468:   The heroic resistance of the Albanians who, under the leadership of  Skanderbeg, struggled for decades against the Turks, helped by supplies from Venice,  finally were conquered.  Turkmen were settled in Albania! (Angelov p 474; Enc. Brit. V 13 p 774)

1479:  After years of naval raids along the Adriatic, Venice surrendered its bases in Albania and the Morea and paid an annual tribute while its commercial rights were restored.(Enc. Brit. V 13 p 774-5)

1480:  Ottomans took over the administrative apparatus of the Byzantines as they had none of their own..they were more tribal. Taxes were collected to exploit conquered territories.  ORTHODOX ISLAM was the basis of all eg laws, religion, education..(Enc. Brit. V 13 p 775)
1480:   Ottoman naval fleets attacked Otranto in S. Italy and Rhodes.(Enc. Brit. V13 p 775)
1483:  Herzegovina fell and at the end of the 15th century, Zeta (Montenegro) was conquered. (Bostom p 63)
1484:  Black Sea ports were taken –some taken in 1461.  The Turks subjugated Moldavia which controlled the Black Sea trade (Enc. Brit. V13 p 777)

1483-89:  Ottoman war with Poland. (Enc. Brit. V13 p 777)
1489:  Venice took control of Cyprus and encouraged revolts in other areas (Enc. Brit. V13 p 777).
1480 (late)-1495:   Ottoman raids to Belgrade, Transylvannia, Croatia, Carinthia were TURNED BACK (Enc. Brit. V13 p 777).

1487:   Polish Philip Buonacuore (Kalimah) a diplomatic envoy for the king of Hungary who travelled through Thrace, Macedonia, and Mesia (the Danube basin) writes-

‘everywhere one encounters nothing but ruins and deserted places , like after a long hard war.” (Angelov p 479)                      

He also noted the miserable, ragged TURKISH peasants who lived “not in houses, but in gloomy pits.(Angelov p 481).   Yet the Turks had advantages over the indigenous population!  And he notes that overall Turkish numbers are small, most remain Christian (Angelov p 502)

1499:   Methone (Greece) –The inhabitants defended their besieged city which had high walls, but as Muslim sultan Bayezid II was about to leave, galleys arrived in the port so many people flocked to the provisions they brought...leaving the walls unguarded.  The janissaries and others climbed the walls and massacred the returning people so that  “blood ran to the sea and stained it red”  The church was converted to a mosque.   Bayezid ordered the execution of all Methonians who were 10 years or older. And they gathered their heads and bodies in a big tower outside the city.( cited in Bostom p 619)

After a century and a half of resistance by the population,  the Balkan Peninsula was conquered.  The works of the conquered people reflect a hatred of the invaders.  Yes there were some who hoped they’d be better off, yes there were some mercenaries or vassals who lined their pockets or thought subservience might save them and others weakly converted....but the rest fought on till they were finally freed, although some in the Balkans and the ‘Turks’ remain trapped in the barbarity of repressive, totalitarian Islam today and remain a threat to others.

16th century: (massacres, enslavement, destruction, ruination, and subjugation continue –but only dates will be noted to save space)
1499-1503:  War with Venice- the Ottomans became a major Mediterranean naval power.(Enc. Brit. V 13 p 777)

Initially the Ottomans battled the Safavids of Iran –but couldn’t overcome them.
Selim I (1512-1520) came to power killing his brothers, their 7 sons and 4 of his own sons leaving only one –Suleyman (1520-1566).  Selim ran many 'conversion' campaigns eg forced conversion of the Bulgarians (Sookdheo p 244).  Forced conversion was common throughout Ottoman conquest and rule though more wealth could be extracted from exploited non-Muslim workers under Islam's dhimmi laws (remember slaves who convert stay slaves --conversion doesn't mean freedom).
1516-17:  Defeated the Muslim Turk Mamluks  (Turkish slaves converted to Islam under the Arabs-who became powerful)–though corrupt ones swapped sides. The Ottomans spread to Syria, Egypt. The Ottomans did NOT have Mesopotamia.
The Arab Islamic world came under direct Ottoman control which collected revenues so the Arabs ‘funded’ the Ottomans.  Arabs penetrated the empire and intensified its traditional Islamic state.  Ottoman decline began –though this is called their ‘golden age’

The Pope and the Habsburgs were against Islam/Ottomans.  FRANCE (to preserve its trade in the Levant) were the Ottoman’s main European ally (Enc. Brit. V13 p 778-779).
1520-1526:  War.  Hungary bore the brunt and served as a buffer between the two great empires. Under a weak King Louis II, the Hungarian army was defeated at the Battle of Mohacs 1526. (Enc. Brit. V13 p 779).
1521:  Ottomans take Belgrade.  One Hungarian prince (John Zapolya) , in return for self-administration, accepted Ottoman rule---the others DIDN’T. (Enc. Brit. V13 p 779).

1522:  Ottomans drove the Knights Hospitaliers (Christian religious and military order) from Rhodes but Charles V re-established them on Malta in 1530 and captured Tunis in 1535 (Enc. Brit. V13 p 779)..
1529:  Habsburgs were driven from Hungary.  Vienna was besieged but remained a block to Ottoman expansion.
Protestant/Catholic mistrust weakened the response to the Muslim Ottoman’s!!! (Enc. Brit. V13 p 779).
1532:  Ottomans devastate large parts of the Habsburg realm.  They battled over a long period along many borders. (Enc. Brit. V13 p 779).
Charles V’s naval commander , the Genoese Andrea Doria captured ports in Morea (Peloponnesus) and raided the Ottoman controlled coasts.
1533:  The Ottomans enrolled Barbarossa, a Turk captain of a pirate fleet in western Algiers who had captured Algiers (1529).  The Ottomans annexed Algiers.
1537:  Barbarossa for the Ottoman’s, attacked southern Italy, expecting FRENCH support which didn’t come (the French feared a hostile European reaction!) (Enc. Brit. V13 p 779)..
1538:  European naval fleet was defeated off the Albanian coast.  Venice surrendered possessions.  Ottoman naval supremacy (Enc. Brit. V13 p 779).

1534-35, 1548-50, 1553:  Ottoman’s attacked Iran but couldn’t win so ‘peace’ was made in 1555.

Europeans eg Portuguese, Great Britain, Holland found alternate trade routes.
The subject people worked and paid taxes etc to the Turkish ruling class.  Institutions developed to propagate Islam and maintain Islamic Law.
Following Suleyman, there was more corruption, nepotism…princes were poorly educated.
16th/17th century saw growing financial problems.  Overtaxed peasants left the land.  The Janissaries were fracturing.   The Crimean Tartar Khans were Ottoman vassals.  Provincial revolts were curbed. (Enc. Brit. V13 p 779).  There was little peace in Europe.

1571:   A fleet of the Holy League destroyed the Ottoman navy at the Battle of Lepanto.(Enc. Brit. V13 p 782)
1574:  Tunis was taken from the Spanish Habsburgs;
1576:  The Ottomans conquered the Caucasus, parts of Iran.
1578:  Fez was taken from the Portuguese;
1593:  The Austrians took much of central Hungary and Romania ---though an unexpected win and treaty restored Ottoman power in 1606.
1587-1609:  New Iranian shah drove the Ottomans from Iran, Caucasus (1603), Iraq (1624).(Enc. Brit. V13 p 782-783)

17th century: (Enc. Brit. V13 p 783)
1638:  Turks retook Iraq.
1645-69:  War with Venice.  Ottomans take Crete.

1666-1670:  populations in Rodope and Pirin (Bulgaria) were forced to convert to Islam forming the Pomaks (Christian Bulgarian Slav converts) (Sookdheo p 244)

1683:  Gates of Vienna:   Ottomans besiege Vienna.  The Polish King Jan Sobieski (ruled 1674-1696) held out against the Turks and built a major European coalition that moved to bring destruction to the Ottoman Empire in the next century (Enc. Brit. V13 p 783)
The Habsburgs set out to reconquer Hungary, Serbia, Balkans..
Venice aimed to regain its naval bases.
Russia aimed to extend its land.

*Enemies of the European coalition were FRANCE, SWEDEN who supported the Ottomans while BRITAIN and HOLLAND were ‘neutral.’
The Ottomans were at war with European enemies for decades from the second siege of Vienna (1683)
1683-1699:  The armies of the Holy League fought the Ottomans culminating in the Treaty of Carlowitz 1699.

18th century: (Enc. Brit. V13 p 783-4)
1710-11:  Ottomans fought Russia.
1714-1718:  War with Venice and Austria.  Ottomans sign the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718)
1736-39, 1768-74, 1787-92:  Wars with Russia and Austria resulting in the Treaty of Belgrade (1739).; Treaty of Kucuk Kaynarca (1774), Treaty of Jassy 1792
The Ottomans lost Hungary, Banat of Temisvar, Transylvannia, Bukovina, the northern coasts of the Black Sea…
The Russians and the Austrians could intervene legally on behalf of the Sultan’s Christian subjects.

In Ottoman areas, local rulers took control using armies of slaves and mercenaries.  There was famine and riots.

European advances in political and military organisation, science, technology etc were unknown to the Ottomans (Encyclopaedia Britannica p 783). 
Already in 1717 the Turks had begun to imitate European dress, court life, building eg ‘summer palaces.’ 
1727:  Turkish language books were printed for the FIRST time.
1770:  The Russian Fleet wiped out the Ottoman fleet at the Battle of Cesme.
1789-1807:  Selim II ruled with the aid of European technicians who built factories to build modern weapons and train soldiers.  Europeans trained the new armies though the Janissaries resisted. (Why do we totally fail to realise the totalitarian nature of Islam that plans to rule the world and why do we continue to help our enemies!!)

19th century:
1804- Serbia:  Massacre of the Serbian leaders (Massacre of the Serbian Knights) leading to an uprising which was put down but led finally to freedom from Muslim Turkish rule (Durie p 158).  The Serbs remained in revolt under their leader George Petrovic (Karageorge).  They rose against the terrorist policies of the janissaries, demanded autonomy and in 1807, allied with Russia! (alienating Europe with tragic consequences)

1806-1812:  War with Russia (also battles with Britain)  Janissaries were still powerful.(Enc. Brit. V13 p 784)
Serbian revolt again repressed in 1812 but broke out again in 1815 (Enc.  Brit. V13. P786)

1808-1839:  Egypt became independent-defeated the Ottomans.  The Ottomans had little control over North Africa, Iraq, Syria,  Arab Wahhabis mocked the Ottomans—remember hadiths state that the end comes when the Arabs (Islam is a white Arab supremacist Ideology) fight the TURKS! (*Bukhari Volume 4, Book 52, Number 179:   see part G)(Enc. Brit. V13 p 785)

1826:  Mahmud II massacred the Istanbul Janissaries who mutinied and resisted reform, and conned others by pretending that modernisation of the army was not an ‘infidel  innovation’ but restoration of the Ottoman Golden Age (Yet more fanatical, backward Muslims and their golden age of violence and repression).(Enc. Brit. V13 P 785)

1827:  Russian, French, British naval forces at Navrino in the Peloponnesus hindered the ability of the Muslim Ottomans to supply their armies so Greek independence became inevitable following their revolt in 1821 (Enc. Brit. V 13 p 786)
The Greeks had suffered the abduction of their children, economic ruin, intellectual decay, inhibition of their culture, exploitation, forced labour, persecution, violence, slavery..( Bostom p 69-70)
1829:  Greek autonomy—Greek independence in 1832.


1839-1876:  The false ‘Tanzimat reforms’ which the gullible Europeans thought would give ‘equality’ to the subjugated people, was signed only when the Ottomans needed European support eg in 1839—when the Ottomans were fighting the Egyptians in Syria (in 1840, Shamefully European power helped the Ottomans regain Syria.  Treaty of London); in 1856 --when the Ottomans were fighting the Crimean war (western nations –FRANCE, BRITAIN aided the Ottoman jihad of the Crimean war –Durie p 206-207) and in 1876 when ‘reforms’ were signed under European pressure.   An 1855 proposal to give equality to Christians ie end the poll tax (jizya) simply resulted in its replacement by a new tax at a higher rate!! (Enc. Brit. V13 p 786).   Under Islam’s text and laws, non-Muslims can NEVER have equality with Muslims!

1850- Sultan’s army puts down Serb and Croat resistance in Bosnia (Durie p 185).  Losing power in Bosnia and Montenegro (Enc. Brit. V 13 p 787).

1868:  Cretan revolt suppressed. Ottomans finally forced to grant autonomy after further revolts in 1897. (Enc. Brit. V 13 p 787, 788). 

1875-76:  Uprising of mainly Christian peasants against Muslim ‘lords’ in Bosnia, Hercegovina, and Bulgaria.

1876:  Bulgarian massacre:  contemporary investigators who visited only a small number of the sites where the atrocities occurred believe at least 10,000-15,000 innocent people were slain in the districts directly affected by the revolt.   Modern Bulgarian historians estimate 30,000 murdered, with 3,000 orphaned children, thousands of Bulgarians imprisoned or exiled and 60-80 villages destroyed and another 200 hundred plundered and 300,000 livestock  (cattle, sheep, goats) and countless personal goods taken as ‘booty’ from a defenceless population long exploited during centuries of oppressive  Ottoman rule.  A 1986 analysis found that the Ottomans seemed aware of the possible uprising and sent a variety Muslim fighters not only against the rebels but against ordinary, unarmed civilians.

A report by an American correspondent of 1876 notes that people were burnt alive;  girls and women were stripped, gang-raped and usually killed; children were ‘spitted’ on bayonets—eyewitness reports of babes carried about the streets on the points of bayonets; children with heads slashed; pregnant women were ripped open and unborn infants killed;

“as we approached the centre of the town, bones, skeletons and skulls became more numerous.   There is not a house beneath the ruins of which we did not perceive human remains, and the street besides were strewn with them........”
(Schoolhouse) Beneath the stones and rubbish that cover the floor to the height of several feet, are the bones and ashes of  200 women and children burnt alive between those four walls.”

Nearby a shallow pit contained 100 bodies, now being eaten by dogs and  human remains float in the water.  The wheel-pit of the sawmill is filled with bodies; and masses of bodies, washed off the streams banks in the rain, now fill the stream and are carried even forty miles distant.

 “We entered the churchyard, but the odor here becomes so bad....”(eyewitness accounts cited in Bostom p 664-666)

1876:  Wars with Serbia and Montenegro to suppress uprisings.
1877:  War with Russia—Ottoman defeat.
1878:  Ottomans were pressured to sign the Treaty of San Stefano---The Ottomans had to recognise the independence of Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and the autonomy of parts of Bulgaria and  cede territory to Russia but the final deal saw the independent areas reduced.   Hungary had Bosnia/Herzegovina: Cyprus was under Britain.    In 1885, ‘Bulgaria’ united. (Enc. Brit.  V13 p 787)

1894-1896: 'Himidian massacres of the Armenians:'  Jihad genocides of the Armenians by the MuslimOttoman Turks (see detail in part G from contemporary accounts and eyewitnesses)
Muslims –soldiers, Kurds and ordinary Muslims- attacked many Armenian villages and massacred inhabitants.  Children were dashed to death; women were raped; people were burnt alive, hacked to pieces and beheaded–possibly 100,000 were killed.  Preaching from mosques encouraged the attackers to kill and plunder for allah –crying ‘allahu akbar’.  Even people swimming for safety to a boat were hit on the head or drowned by Muslim boatmen at Trebizond.(Bostom p 667-671)

20th century:
1908:  Bulgaria proclaimed independence.  Italy took Tripoli and the Aegean islands.

1909:  Adana massacres of the Armenians with 15,000-30,000 killed along with attacks on the Assyrians and Greeks.(see article 25/12/09 this site for a report 'Slaughter of Christians in Asia Minor, NY Times 22 August 1909 for a first hand report of the sadism and destruction)

1912-13:   The Balkan wars led to the almost complete destruction of the Ottoman Empire in Europe.  The Ottomans lost Crete, Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, Montenegro, and Albania (Treaty of London 1913.   They recovered part of eastern Thrace but had lost 83% of their European territory. (Enc. Brit. V 13 p 789)
1915-17:   Armenian genocide of 1-1.5 MILLION people.
During WWI the ‘young Turks’ aimed for the ‘removal’ of all Armenians from Anatolia to Mesopotamia.  There followed massacres, rapes, kidnapping and looting and people were rounded up and forced on a  DEATH MARCH, suffering starvation, illness, and even suicide.  Eyewitness accounts verify the genocide.  
That there are any Christian Armenians left is a miracle. (Bostom p 667-673)

The Ottomans declared a Jihad against Russia, France, Britain in WW1. (Sookdheo p 115)

1920:  Turkey kept Istanbul, Thrace but lost part of Asia Minor.
1923-38:   Musafa Kemal (Ataturk) founded the Turkish republic.   The Sultanate was abolished (The Sultan still had slaves!).  Ataturk attempted to remove Islam from public life and law and bring Turkey into the modern era.  He was a brief spot of hope though he also declared a JIHAD against the Greeks whom he wanted removed from Anatolia "The jihad, once it is properly preached will, with god's help, result quickly in a rout of the Greeks" (Sookhdeo p115)   It's hard to remove Islam's training and the full darkness of Islam is spreading again (Pettifer 1998 for some thoughts) .

1942:  A capital levy fell with punitive force on non-Muslims and Donmes (Jewish converts to Islam---converts are always inferior)(Enc. Brit. V13 p 792)
1974:  Turkey invades Cyprus ---destroys, plunders and debases Churches, takes ‘booty’, takes land and forces the Greek Cypriots out while it occupies a substantial area to this day etc and the world says....NOTHING!  Did the UN give them the land—NO!  Were the Greek Cypriots constantly attacking and firing rockets at them –NO!

21st century:  Turkey is almost entirely Muslim.  Every village has a mosque with shops underneath to help finance it.  Yes there are liberal, modern secular Turks but mosques and Islamic teaching is everywhere.  When you first travel in Turkey you think it’s a country that can progress—then you see the mosques and know the extreme repression Islam brings, you read the paper and know that minorities are attacked and murdered, women are still stoned.. and you see the rapidly increasing ‘Islamisation’ everywhere.  A recent report suggests the Turkish military were involved in a deliberate effort to reomove all Christians (Ego, 09).  I have seen young soldiers reading the koran which promotes hatred and violence towards others and demands Islamic supremacy and control.

The Prime Minister of Turkey, Mr Erdogan publicly read (1998) an Islamic poem including the lines: “The mosques are our barracks, the domes our helmets, the minarets our bayonets and Muslims our soldiers…”
He was convicted in 1998 of inciting religious hatred.  He was trained in an Islamic school.  He is an Islamist who pushes Islamic values, NOT freedom of choice and banned alcohol in Istanbul cafes while mayor in 1994.(BBC world news 2002)  And those other Islamic values like child marriage, clitoridectomy, beating women, beating children who don’t pray, multiple wives and instant divorce for men....and enslave, extort, plunder, rape and slay the idolator, fight until all the religion is Islam's...?

No wonder Muslim promoter Obama is pushing to have the already Islamophilic EU take Turkey---then the Islamic take-over of Europe is a foregone conclusion as Muslims flood in, threaten and abuse European welfare and laws.  There was a reason why the ancestors fought for centuries to free themselves from Islamic rule----because it is a repressive, totalitarian tyranny.    Why do the Turks, slaves of Islam in every sense, continue to adhere to it!  Why do the Europeans close their eyes?
Next a look at slavery in India (and surrounds)(part I), then Malaysia, Indonesia- part J.


References:

1)   Angelov, Dimitar.  ‘Certain phases of the conquest of the Bulkan peoples by the Turks’ p462-517 in  Bostom (2)
2)  BBC.  Turkey's charismatic pro-Islamic leader.  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2270642.stm
3)  Bostom, A. G.  ‘The Legacy of Jihad:  Islamic holy war and the fate of the non-Muslims.’  Prometheus Books.  New York.   2005.
4)  Durie, M.  ‘The third choice: Islam dhimmitude and freedom’  Deror Books, China. 2010 (Available Feb. 2010)
5)  Ego, Dikran.  'Recent Turkish Military Planned attacks on Christians'   29/11/09.   http://www.christiansofiraq.com/recentturkish-officersplannedattacksonchristians.html
6)  Encyclopaedia Britannica Vol 13 p 771-796  15th edition. 1982 Printed in the USA.
7)  Gorin, Julia.  Radical Islam’s Dupes.  FrontPageMagazine.com | 2/14/2007
http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/Printable.aspx?GUID=3D219423-45B4-4AD1-974D-D1885100A8C9
8) Ishaq, Ibn.  ‘Sirat Rusulallah’ by Ibn Ishaq  Translated by A. Guillaume. Fifteenth Impression, 2001 Published by Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan.
9)  Khan, M. A.  ‘Islamic Jihad:  A legacy of forced conversion, imperialism and slavery.’ iUniverse, Bloomington, IN.  2009.
10)  Pettifer, James.  The Turkish Labyrinth:  Ataturk and the New Islam. Penguin Books 1998.
11)  Sookhdeo, P.  ‘Global Jihad:  The future in the face of  Militant Islam.’  Isaac Publishing.  2007.
12)  Ye’or, Bat.  ‘Islam and Dhimmitude: Where civilisations collide’  translated from the French by Miriam Kochan and David Littman.  Fairleigh Dickinson University Press 2002, reprint 2005.

If you have reached the end I admire your stamina!  It’s impossible to make centuries of horror brief -particularly when there were constant attacks and counter attacks so areas faced repeated attacks over long periods before the whole area was subdued--or freed! (Remember most were small principalities).  I have tried to be accurate but at times different names seem to be used to refer to the same battle (often coalitions fought) and times might vary by a year and of course each writer uses a different selection of events, clearly many deadly events have been left out...but I hope parts G, H help people to understand the historical background to problems today...and acts as a warning NOT TO FORGET!   This is Islam forever as its text, laws, Mohammad's example and allah's commands dictate--it cannot change.

 

Last Updated on Sunday, 17 October 2010 03:20  

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Islam Kills

History - Articles

Lest We Forget the Battle of Tours

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History - Violent Jihad

Australians celebrate and revere Anzac Day on April 25th each year in remembrance of our brave soldiers who fought in two great world wars to secure our freedom. Every Australian identifies with the slogan “lest we forget” and in services held around the country people reflect on the battles and men who died to secure our freedom. Yet across the world in France, there is one remarkable battle which helped form the Europe we know today and allowed the development of civilization based on Judeo Christian principles. This one famous battle has become known as the battle of Tours and effectively stopped the Muslim advance into Europe. After the death of Mohammed in 632AD, Muslim armies exploded out of the Arabian peninsula to conquer much of the Middle East, expanding across north Africa. From there they crossed into Spain in 711AD and eventually controlled much of al-Andalus by 715AD. It was the victory at Tours by Charles Martel that stemmed the tide and eventually the Muslim marauders were expelled from Spain in 1492 when the last outpost at Granada fell to King Ferdinand of Spain. 

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Shivaji’s Coronation Laudatory Landmark

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History - Infidels' Resistance

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was born, lived, fought and won battles against religious and social oppression in the 17th century Bharat or India. He was a shining star in the Indian firmament and is renowned as a champion of the downtrodden and depressed masses. He was and continues to be an icon for the classes and masses alike and is seen as a rallying point for peasants oppressed by foreign rulers, Pathans and Moghuls alike. Sexually exploited women found in Shivaji Raje a protector, a benefactor and flocked to his Hindavi Swaraj to find solace and feel liberated under his saffron flag. 

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Ransomer of Captives from the Muslims

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History - Tolerance Myths

Perhaps some readers might be interested to know that January 28 is considered a feast day among Catholics – actually 2 feast days are celebrated on the same day – one is of ST Thomas Aquinas, the great medieval theologian and philosopher who adapted Aristotle to the western Judeo-Christian worldview. . It is also the feast day of a lesser known person – St Peter Nolasco, the great ransomer of captives from the Muslims.

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Islamic Pirates

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History - Violent Jihad

Barbary Corsair
Somalian Islamic Pirates & Lessons from History
 
The dramatic rescue of the American cargo-ship captain Richard Phillips from the hands of Somalian Islamic pirates by the U.S. Navy—killing three pirates, holding him hostage at gun-point, through precision-targeting—warrants a review of the U.S. struggle with piracy and hostage-taking in North Africa, which ended two centuries ago.

Raiding trade-caravans and hostage-taking for extracting ransom in Islam was started by Prophet Muhammad. Having become powerful and secure after his relocation to Medina from Mecca in 622, Muhammad initiated Jihad or holy war in the form of raids of trade-caravans for earning livelihood for his community. In the first successful raid of a Meccan caravan at Nakhla in December 623, his brigands killed one of the attendants, took two of them captive, and acquired the caravan as “sacred” booty. The captives were ransomed to generate further revenue. Muhammad, later on, expanded this mode of Jihad to raiding non-Muslim communities around Arabia—for capturing their homes, properties and livestock, capturing their women and children as slaves often for ransoming and selling, and imposing extortional taxes—which sometimes involved mass-slaughter of the attacked victims.

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The Battle of Broken Hill

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Battle of Broken Hill Logo
 
The First Islamic Terrorist Attack on Australian Soil
 
On January 1, 1915 two Broken Hill men, both former camel drivers, armed themselves with rifles, an homemade flag bearing Islamic insignia and a large supply of ammunition and launched a surprise attack on the Picnic Train about 3 kilometres outside Broken Hill.

The train carried about 1200 Broken Hill residents to Silverton where a picnic to celebrate the new year was to take place.

The two Muslim men, Gool Mohamed originally a Pashtun tribesman from Afghanistan and Mullah Abdullah from what is known today as Pakistan, decided to wage jihad against Australian infidels after Australia and the Ottoman Empire officially joined the opposite sides in the WWI.

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Jihad Galore

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History - Tolerance Myths

Jihad Galore and the Toledo Whore

Battle of Higueruela

Alhambra - GazelleHow often in conversation with a Muslim, do they quote Spain as the crowning achievement of Islam, where Muslims, Jews and Christians lived in harmony for about 800 years?

And when you mention the killings and massacres, you are told that the Spanish Inquisition was much worse.
This is a misconception, since the Inquisition in Spain was responsible for only between 4,000 and 5,000 lives. [1]

Yet in 1066AD, in a single day, muslims murdered over 4,000 Jews because Vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela had risen to a position greater than them, and of course, this upset the Muslim sensitivities. [2]

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Arabs Hated The Quran

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History - Stolen Heritage

 
How the Arabs Hated The Quran
 
Old Quran

Wh y are you a Muslim?
Musli ms in general love to hear the above question because it has a simple and readymade answer in their minds besides it gives them the opp or t u nity to propagate their religion and talk proudly about Islam.

 

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Lepanto Anniversary

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History - Imperialism

Decisive Victory for the West

At this time of year, it is timely to remember one of the greatest victories of the west against the Islamic world. On the 7th October in 1571, Don Juan and the Holy League, led by Admiral Doria, defeated the larger Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Lepanto, saving Europe from the Turks and militant Islam. The Holy League was a coalition of different armies - of the Republic of Venice, the Papacy (under Pope Pius V), Spain (including Naples, Sicily and Sardinia), the Republic of Genoa, the Duchy of Savoy, the Knights Hospitaller and some others.

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Muslim Jerusalem

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History - Stolen Heritage

Jerusalem - Coat of ArmsWhy do Muslims insist that Jerusalem is their Holy City?
When Mohamed and his faithful followers moved from Mecca to Medina, they found themselves among three Jewish tribes/clans (BANU-L-NADIR, BANU KAINUKA and BANU KURAIZA)  which settled there some time after their expulsion from their homeland and also living there were  two Arab, pagan tribes.

Mohammed, who at this stage needed more followers, decided to win those tribes over and convert them to his newly invented religion.

Islam was yet not as fully developed as we know it today, and Mohammed was still having his sessions with Allah (the Medina period revelations).

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Killing of Banu Quraiza

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History - Imperialism

Did Prophet Muhammad order Killing Surrendered Jews of Banu Quraiza and Khaybar?  A historical Analysis

In the post 9/11 era of this modern-world, Islamists around the globe are busy with ‘damage control utopia’ in order to correct the image of religion Islam. We all know that the nucleus of Islam are: Quran, Hadiths (Sunnah) supported by Islamic histories and biographies recorded by various famous Islamic scholars and historians.

What Mecca?

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History - Early History

A great tragedy of the Islamic control of our universities and political correctness plus the fear of extreme violence if anyone dares question the roots and claims of Islam is ...that nobody dares question the roots and claims of Islam!!!  I want to stimulate interest and offer this summary of information on Mecca from (LINK) which discusses some problems with Muslim claims in a comparison of evidence supporting Islam/Christianity. 

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Yahweh or Hubal

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FlagThere is a very strongly entrenched view among majority of Westerners today that the three main monotheistic religions Judaism, Christianity and Islam share one common God and therefore despite the obvious differences, the core foundation of these three religions is the same. 

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